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Medical Laboratory

  • Clinical Chemistry

    Clinical Chemistry or Chemical Pathology tests are tests to detect any abnormality in the function of the human body. These tests, whether performed in hospitals or private laboratories or in the physicians’ offices, play an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and management of diseases.
    – Should your doctor prescribe one of the following tests for your illness, we have Cobas C111 Automated chemistry Analyser, the machine with

    • High analytical performance and
    • High reliability,

    for determination of clinical chemistry and electrolyte parameters in serum, plasma, urine or whole blood.



    Tests that can be performed by cobas c111 Analyser are:

    • C Reactive Protein CRP (Quantitative)
    • Liver Function Tests (Total Bilirubin, Alkaline Phosphatase & ALT/SGPT)
    • Bilirubin, Direct/Conjugated
    • Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT)
    • Lipid Profile (Total cholesterol, high density lipoproteins [HDL], low density lipoproteins[LDL], Triglycerides)
    • Cardiac Enzymes like Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), Creatine kinase (CK)& Aspartate
      aminotransferase(AST/SGOT) Creatine Phosphokinase isoenzyme (CK-MB)
    • Urea
    • Electrolytes (Sodium [Na], Potassium [K], Chloride [Cl], Bicarbonate [HCO3])
    • Creatinine
    • Calcium
    • Magnesium
    • Total Protein
    • Uric acid

    Tests for Diabetes like Glucose (Fasting, Random),Oral Glucose Tolerance Test(OGTT), HbA1c Testings can also be done.
    Cardio 3 Panel for combined testing of B type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), CK-MB,Troponin I are also available.


  • Microbiology

    Microbiology deals with the science of micro-organisms — very tiny creatures which are causing trouble to man but which are not directly visible with the unaided naked eye. It means we have to use some apparatus i.e. a sort of a magnifying lens — a microscope, to be able to detect them. Moreover, there are other ways and means to find the small microbes that are causing illness to man and which we need to identify in due time before they cause unavoidable damage to human lives.

    Thus, for this purpose, we have qualified medical personnels who can perform special tests with the aid of the following machines like:


    • Bact/Alert ® 3D 60 which is capable of performing blood culture
      (Your doctor can order your blood to be taken out for culturing of possible micro-
      organisms that can be the cause of your illness).If there is no micro-organism, one has to wait for five days to be sure of it i.e. to be sure that the blood cultured is “sterile”. But if there is some organism, we might detect it within 24 hours as earliest.
      Depending on the day detected (may be 2-4 days), we can perform further testing and issue the results in due time after finding out the antibiotics that are suitable for treating the patient.

    For that purpose we use the machine —

    • Vitex-2 compact – It helps us to identify i.e. to name the micro-organism that is present in the specimen, and also to find out the most suitable antibiotics for treatment purpose .It takes about 6 hours for identification of organisms and another 4 to 6 hours for antibiotic susceptibility testing, a total of 10 to 12 hours to issue the results of culture & antibiotic susceptibility.Before introducing into Vitek -2 machine, processing of the specimens like urine, sputum, stool, pus, CSF or positive blood culture has to be done to isolate the pathogenic microorganism. It takes about 16 – 18 hours.If there is no growth of micro-organism, the result can be issued within 16-18 hours as “sterile”. If there is pathogenic organism isolated, the final report will take 26-30 hours for specimens like urine, stool, pus, CSF etc,
      [Your doctor can order all kinds of specimen that can harbor micro-organisms which cause some kind of illness to mankind e.g. for someone who is having cough with expectoration, to take sputum as specimen and send to laboratory to find out which organism is causing his illness — in short, we identify the causal organism and then we proceed to do further tests to find out the drugs i.e. the antibiotics to which this particular organism is susceptible to i.e. which drugs can kill or stop that organism from growing further in the human body. In other words we try to find out the most suitable antibiotics to treat you of your illness.]Because we use the latest technology, we are able to issue the results earlier than the conventional method.
  • Haematology

    Haematology is the science dealing with the formation, composition, functions and diseases of the blood.

    If your doctor has any doubt concerning your health in the aspect of blood disorders, you will be ordered to undergo various tests to detect the specific abnormality in you.

    Sysmex®XT2000i is a fully automated Haematology Analyzer and is of use to perform Blood for Complete Blood Picture which is frequently done in all kinds of illness.

    We also do routine haematological tests like:
    Haemoglobin Estimation (Hb%), ESR, Blood ABO & Rh Grouping
    Blood Coagulation Profile like Prothrombin Time PT/INR, APTT, Fibrinogen, Factors VIII, IX, D-Dimer, FDP, VonWillebrand Factor
    Serum Iron, Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC), Ferritin for Iron Study
    Haemoglobin Electrophoresis, Singer’s Test(HbF), G6PD, Coomb’s Test,
    CD4count,etc., etc.

  • Immunology

    Clinical immunology is the study of diseases caused by disorders of the immune system (failure, aberrant action, and malignant growth of the cellular elements of the system). It also involves diseases of other systems, where immune reactions play a part in the pathology and clinical features.

    The immune system is a system of biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. To function properly, an immune system must detect a wide variety of agents like bacteria, viruses, parasites, etc. known as pathogens, and distinguish them from the organism’s own healthy tissue.

    It means your immune system is a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to defend against germs. It helps your body to recognize these “foreign” invaders. Then its job is to keep them out, or if it can’t, to find and destroy them.
    If your immune system cannot do its job, the results can be serious.

    We use Automated Immunology Analyzer, Minividas, a reliable and easy-to-use machine for daily immunoassay testing. Tests done are:

    1) Cancer creening [Ca Screening]immunology
    [i] AFP – Liver Ca
    [ii] CA-125 – Ovarian Ca
    [ iii] CEA – Breast/Lungs Marker/Colorectal Cancer/Pancreatic Tumour
    [iv] CA-199 GastricCancer/Pancreatic Tumour
    [v] PSA – Prostatic Ca

    2) Thyroid Function
    [i]Total & FreeT3[ii]Total &
    [ii]Total & FreeT4
    [iii] TSH

    3) HBsAntibody [Quantitative]

    There are still many more tests that can be done here :
    – Hormonal Assays as well as tests done by antigen antibody reaction like tests for HIV Ab, HBsAg, HCVAb, etc., etc.

  • Histopathology

    Using Olympus Biological Microscope with Dual Head Attachment & Digital Camera, we take histopathological photos and issue biopsy reports of international standard.

    If there is a mass — a lump in some part of your body or if there is some visible abnormality in your body, don’t linger to consult your doctor; who, if required will take the whole lump or a small portion of the mass or some body fluid from that abnormality and send the sample biopsy to our histopathology section.

    All kinds of biopsies are accepted and histological reports issued within five days.

    histopathology   histopathology1

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